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It has been for 792 years now that the Hungarian King Andrew II, who occupied the throne the youngest, at the age of 5, released the Golden Bull. So what is the Golden Bull and why was it of great importance in Hungarian history? Read this short article and all will be revealed!
What the Golden Bull?
This Golden Bull in narrower sense is a royal decree with a golden seal issued by King Andrew II of Hungary in 1222 in Szekesfehervar . In a broader sense, the word Golden Bull means a golden seal, which the kings of Hungary - starting from III . Béla - used to confirm important credentials . It is equivalent to the Magna Charta of England.
King Andrew II's Law as the Golden Bull is one of the most important Hungarian historical constitution. After its birth, in later centuries, it served as a reference for the policy to protect the freedom of the nobility, while from the 16th century until the mid- 20th century, it was present in the written laws or in their spirit .
Due to King Andrew II's new arrangements, his land policy, the Royal economic policy built on money income, his personnel policy preferring the Meranians and the expansion of the Jews and Muslims in the finance administration, there was dissatisfaction in the country. Conflicts between different noble interest groups were accentuated. At the beginning of 1222 secular nobles and barons, who were omitted from possession donations, forced Andrew's old faithful believers out of power . They held the support of the serfs and royal servients: the latter had free rights, while the wealthier class fought to avoid dependence from private landowners and for legal recognition to belong to the royal authority.